Alcohol and You

What is alcohol?

Alcohol is a liquid produced by fermentation of sugar, Ethyl alcohol or ethanol is an intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine, and liquor.

How does alcohol affect a person?

A long time effect can damage the heart and causing a lot of problems like stroke and high blood pressure. Alcohol rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the bloodstream. Alcohol is metabolized in the liver by enzymes; however, the liver can only metabolize a small amount of alcohol at a time, leaving the excess alcohol to circulate throughout the body. Prolong effect will cause liver inflammations e.g Steatosis, Fibrosis. The damages done to the organs of the body of an individual is a function of long history, frequency and the volume consumed.

What does moderate drinking mean?

We define moderation in drinking as having no more than 1 glass of wine per day for women and no more than 2 per day for men if you must drink at all. This definition is referring to the amount consumed on any single day and is not intended as an average over several days. You need to cut down on these limits or not to drink at all for better health.

What is a standard drink?

A drink is:

  • A 12-ounce bottle of beer;
  • A 5-ounce glass of wine; or
  • A 1.5-ounce or “shot” of liquor (gin, rum, whiskey)

What health problems and excessive alcohol use?

Excessive drinking is associated with numerous health problems, including but not limited to the following:

  • Chronic diseases such as liver cirrhosis (damage to liver cells), pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), various cancers, (including liver, mouth, throat, larynx (the voice box), and oesophagus), high blood pressure, and psychological disorders.
  • Unintentional injuries such as motor-vehicle traffic crashes, falls, drowning, burns and firearm injuries.
  • Violence such as child maltreatment, homicide and suicide increase.
  • Harm to a developing foetus if a woman drinks while pregnant.
  • Alcohol abuse or dependence.
  • Impaired brain function resulting in poor judgment, reduced reaction time, loss of balance and motor skills, and/or slurred speech.
  • Increases accumulation of fat in the liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and cirrhosis. This contributes to liver disease and sometimes liver failure.
  • Coma and death can occur if alcohol is consumed rapidly and in large amounts due to depression of the central nervous system.